阿利坎特布歇 Grape in Focus: Alicante Bouschet

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Alicante-Bouschet-red-pulp阿利坎特布歇 (或紫北塞) 原本是法国朗格多克的一个葡萄品种。在1865年到1885年间,亨利•北塞将小北塞和流行的歌海娜进行杂交,阿利坎特布歇由此诞生。如今,阿利坎特布歇主要是种植在葡萄牙的阿连特茹,杰西斯·罗宾逊甚至认为“葡萄牙才是这种葡萄品种真正的家园”;因此,阿利坎特布歇被认为是葡萄牙的葡萄品种。

Alicante Bouschet was originally a French grape variety, from Languedoc. Henry Bouschet created it between 1865 and 1885, by crossing the varieties Petit Bouschet and Grenache. Nowadays, Alicante Bouschet is mostly planted in Alentejo, Portugal, where it ‘s “thought to have found its true home” (Jancis Robinson); being so, it is considered a Portuguese grape variety.

1900年,阿利坎特布歇被引入到葡萄牙的阿连特茹。那里的夏天炎热,冬天寒冷,深不贫瘠的土壤和全年供应的水,为阿利坎特布歇带来了很好的生长环境,因此,阿连特茹的葡萄园能用阿利坎特布歇生产出高质量的葡萄酒和大部分阿连特茹的葡萄园都是在种植阿利坎特布歇。除了阿连特茹,我们还可以在埃什特雷杜拉,里巴特茹和半岛塞图巴尔找到这个葡萄品种。

Alicante Bouschet reached Alentejo in 1900. With the region’s cold winters and dry hot summers, deep and not very poor soils and with water supply all year round, Alicante Bouschet has been giving origin to very high quality wines and it’s present in most of Alentejo vineyards. Apart from Alentejo, we can find this variety in Estremadura, Ribatejo and Peninsula de Setubal.

阿利坎特布歇是其中一种能够为葡萄酒提供深颜色的葡萄,因此它被称为“tintureira”(染色葡萄),这个葡萄品种被认为是葡萄牙和世界其他地方的葡萄酒“墨水”。 阿利坎特布歇除了能提供丰富的色彩,它还有其他的葡萄的属性,当中包括结构,硬度和单宁。而且,它有着森林浆果,可可,橄榄和蔬菜的香气。

One of the world’s few colouring grapes and able to provide deeply coloured concentrated wines, Alicante Bouschet is referred to as a “tintureira” (dyeing) grape variety in Portugal and elsewhere in the world as “Writing Ink”. Besides providing lots of colour, a few other of this grape’s attributes include structure, firmness and tannins. The aromas evoke forest berries, cocoa, olives and vegetable notes.


在红酒祥瑞之雀当中,有80%的葡萄成分是阿利坎特布歇。除了祥瑞之雀外,我们在其他的顶级葡萄酒中,也能找到阿利坎特布歇这个葡萄成分。当中包括:

Besides Parus red with it’s amazing 80% Alicante Bouschet content, other Topwines with Alicante Bouschet are:


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